Knowledge Base

What Is Glycolysis? Where Does It Take Place? Pathway And Products

If you’ve taken part in a high school science class, then you’ve probably heard the term glycolysis. Along with ATP, the creatine-phosphate system, and aerobic activity, glycolysis is another majorly important energy pathway that is responsible for many bodily functions. Today, you’ll learn about this pathway and how it impacts your daily life. You’ll also …

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Voges-Proskauer (VP) Test – Principle, Reagents, Procedure And Result

The Voges-Proskauer test is a type of test used in microbiology to detect the presence of acetoin in a bacterial broth culture. First developed way back in 1898 by bacteriologists at the Institute for Infectious Diseases, this test is one of the oldest in microbiology that is used to find out if a bacterial organism …

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The Difference Between Passive Diffusion & Active Transport: With Examples

If you have ever opened an oven and noticed how the smell from your cooking fills the whole room, then you have already experienced the principle of diffusion first hand.  Passive diffusion and active transport are two important processes that govern the movement of chemicals and substances through a given medium.  Be it odor causing …

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Triple Sugar Iron Test – Procedure, Interpretation And Uses

One of the defining abilities of bacterias is their ability to ferment carbohydrates. Sugars are particularly great at being fermented by bacteria but not all bacterias are made equally. While some types of bacteria are great for fermenting sugars, others cannot ferment them at all – and this lack of fermentation abilities is key to …

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The Definition, Function, Structure & Microscopy Of Epidermal Cells In Plants

On the surface, plants can seem very simple when compared to animals, but in reality they are often much more complex. This misconception is rooted in the fact that plants don’t move and don’t consume other living matter for energy. As such, many people see them as one of the simplest forms of life on …

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Sperm Cells – Definition, Function, Structure, Adaptations, Microscopy

Sperm cells are needed when it comes to fertilization, but what exactly are they? How do they work? And what’s their structure like?  This article will be answering all these questions, and will give you a complete guide to all things sperm cells!  What Are Sperm Cells? Sperm cells are reproductive cells, also known as …

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